Every normal, healthy human being has one pair of kidneys located against the back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity just below the rib cage, one on each side of the spine. The average kidney is approximately 4 or 5 inches long and is shaped like a kidney bean.
The kidneys detoxify the blood and aid the body in filtering out waste products through urine. Another primary function of the kidneys is to remove excess water from the body. They also help retain water when the body needs more.To stay healthy, it is essential to keep the kidneys functioning properly.
There are many reasons behind kidney problems. However, many habits that people adopt can also cause huge damage to their kidneys. Kidney infection or disease can be brought about by many things. The Most Common Bad Habits That Damage Your Kidneys are:
- Not emptying your bladder early: Maintaining a full bladder for a long time or delaying the urge to urinate is one of the main reasons behind kidney damage. When urine remains in the bladder for a long time, it can cause the bacteria breeding in urine to multiply. In turn, these harmful bacteria can cause a urinary tract infection or kidney infection.
- Not drinking enough water: The main function of the kidneys is to flush out metabolic waste from the body and regulate erythrocyte production. When the body lacks sufficient water, there is less blood flow to the kidneys because the blood becomes concentrated. This hampers the kidneys’ ability to eliminate toxins from the body, and more toxins in the body means more health problems.
- Taking too much salt: 95% sodium we consume through food is metabolized by the kidneys. When salt intake is high, the kidneys need to work harder to excrete the excess salt. This in turn can lead to decreased kidney functioning, causing water retention in the body. Water retention can cause a hike in blood pressure and increase the risk of developing kidney disease.
- Not treating common infections quickly and properly: Ignoring common infections like colds, the flu, coughs, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and others can also cause huge damage to your kidneys.
- Eating too much meat: Eating too much meat and protein can increase the metabolic load of the kidney. For those suffering from proteinuria, meat consumption too may aggravate protein leakage, worsening renal pathological lesion.
- Not eating enough: It will lead damages to your digestive organs where is full of mucosal tissues. Mucosal tissues relates closely to your immune system.
- Painkiller abuse: Painkiller may reduce blood flow to the kidneys and deteriorate kidney functioning. Moreover, heavy or long-term use of over-the-counter painkiller can cause acute renal failure or chronic kidney disease known as chronic interstitial nephritis. If you have decreased kidney function, do not take painkillers without asking your doctor.
- Drinking too much alcohol: Drinking alcohol without limitation may cause the deposition of uric acid in renal tubules, causing tubular obstruction and increasing risks of kidney failure.
- Not resting enough: Sound sleep of 6 to 8 hours daily is important for your overall health. During the night when you sleep, renewal of organ tissues occurs. Therefore, when you do not get sound sleep, this interrupts the renewal process, resulting in damage to the kidneys and other organs. Sleepless nights may cause high blood pressure and more atherosclerosis. This in turn increases your risk of kidney disease.
- Smoking : Smoking is bad for almost every organ of the body, including the kidneys. Smoking increases blood pressure and heart rate as well as reduces blood flow and narrows the blood vessels in the kidneys. It can even accelerate loss of kidney functions and worsen existing kidney diseases.
- Missing your drugs: Hypertension and diabetes have been shown to precipitate or accelerate kidney damage, so if you are diagnosed as having any of these disease don’t live your life in denial.
- Consuming too much caffeine: We often consume more caffeine than we think we do. It features in many soft drinks and sodas, and before you know it, your blood pressure goes through the roof and your kidneys start complaining.