Introduction to Vedic Astrology

Vedic astrology, also known as Vēdānga or Indian astrology, is an ancient science which deals with the study of celestial bodies and their influence over human life. The word ‘Vēdānga’ itself shows that astrology has its roots and is an integral part of the Vēdās. The literary translation of Vēdānga is ‘the limb of Vēdās’. Humanity has, from time immemorial, upheld the belief that astrology has an important influence over the growth of living beings and the course of their life. History testifies the presence of astrologers in Babylonia as early as 3000 BC. But astrology had developed as a science in India much before this. It is believed that ancient scriptures like Sūrya Siddhāntha and Vēdānga Jyothisham are more than 5000 years old. Astrology is perhaps one of the oldest, deepest and greatest sciences of the world.

Vedas are divided into six parts:
1. Shiksha – A preliminary study of vedic elements and their correct pronunciation
2. Chhanda – Learning the correct expression of vedic suktās.
3. Vyākaraṇa – Helps to learn the grammatical aspect.
4. Nirukta – Useful in understanding the difficult words, pādās and mantrās.
5. Kalpa – Helps to comprehend the ritualistic aspect of vēdas.
6. Jyothisham or Astrology – The eyes of Vēdas, enabling to see the past, present and the future.

Jyotisham (Astrology) is one of the part of Vedas. Jyotisham has been divided into three main branches:

  • Siddhānta: Indian astronomy, calculating the position of the planets and other heavenly bodies. Hindu calendar (Pānchānga) is created from that calculation. ‘Siddhāntā Sirómāni’ and ‘Sūryā Śiddhāntā’ are two main books on Hindu astronomy. According to this theory, the earth is motionless and it is not considered as a planet. Seven planets (Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn) revolve around the earth.
  • Samhitā: Mundane astrology, predicting important events related to countries such as war, earthquakes, political events, financial positions, house and construction related matters (Vāstu Śāstra), animals, portents, omens, and so on. It is also concerned with the calculation of Sūbhā Mūhūrtā for Brātā, pārbā and Sānskārā.
  • Horā or ‘Jātakā’: Predictive astrology where the astrologer makes predictions about future events in a person’s life based on a birth chart (Jānmā kūndāli) which records the exact time of birth and the positions of the planets at the time. Hōra is classified into four categories:
    a) Jāthakam:
    Determined on the basis of a child’s time of birth or the time of beginning of an activity, and whose fate is predicted with the help of planetary position and conjunction. Three systems are commonly used for this:
    • Parāśari: This is the most popular method. As it uses elaborate mathematical processes it can provide extremely accurate forecasts on the basis of horoscope.
    • Jaimini: This highly complex system is based on small verses. The fact that each verse can be subject to completely different interpretations renders this system a challenge to learn.
    • Tajika: This system is used to make yearly predictions.

    b) Praśnam: This method is very similar to the study of natal horoscope. Natal Horoscope is based on the planetary disposition at the time of a person’s birth, whereas Praśnam is the forecast from a horoscope prepared on the basis of the time when a person raises a question.

    c) Muhūrta: It is the method of selecting suitable time to start or do any activity.

    d) Nimitham: These are forecasts based on the omens and signs at a particular point of time. Some consider this as a part of Samhita.

Basic Elements: Nakshatra - Vedic Astrology

  • Rāśi – zodiacal signs
  • Nakṣatras – lunar mansions
  • Daśā-s – planetary periods
  • Grahas – planets
  • Gocharas – transits
  • Yogas – planetary combinations
  • Bhāvas – houses
  • Dṛṣṭis – aspects

You have the power to reshape and redefine any experience, no matter how devastating it seems. Look at your experience, and ask “How can I use this for my own growth?”

See you soon in more detail with elements.


A passionate poet, story writer, tech gig, music & movie lover. A little artist, who loves to do some sketches, paintings, photography and graphics design/illustration! And all above things I do in spare time, as a full time I am a web developer.

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